The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a comprehensive privacy and security law enacted by the European Union (EU). It sets stringent regulations for the collection, processing, and protection of personal data of individuals within the EU. GDPR applies not only to EU-based organizations but also to any entity worldwide that handles the data of EU residents. The regulation aims to give individuals greater control over their personal information and to standardize data protection laws across the EU. It provides for significant fines for non-compliance with data protection and security standards.