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What is an Intelligent Parking Assistance System (IPAS)?

June 1, 2024
Red car with sensor

An Intelligent Parking Assistance System (IPAS), also known as an Advanced Driver Assistance System (ADAS) for parking, is a technology designed to assist drivers in parking their vehicles safely and accurately. It employs a combination of sensors, cameras, and software algorithms to provide real-time feedback and guidance during the parking process. Here are some key components and features of an IPAS:

Parking Sensors: These are ultrasonic or electromagnetic sensors installed on the front and rear bumpers of a vehicle. They emit signals that bounce off nearby objects, and based on the time it takes for the signals to return, the system can determine the distance between the vehicle and obstacles.

Camera Systems: IPAS often includes one or more cameras positioned around the vehicle to provide a visual feed of the surroundings. These cameras assist in displaying a clear view of the parking area and any obstacles.

Display Screen: The information from the sensors and cameras is usually displayed on the vehicle's infotainment screen or a dedicated display. This allows the driver to see a visual representation of the surroundings, including potential obstacles.

Audible Alerts: The system can provide audible alerts, such as beeps or tones, to indicate the proximity of objects. The frequency of the beeps typically increases as the vehicle gets closer to an obstacle.

Visual Guides: Lines or graphics are often overlaid on the camera feed to provide visual guidance. For example, colored lines may indicate the safe path for parking, and the turning radius of the vehicle.

Automated Steering Assistance: Some IPAS implementations have the capability to take control of the steering wheel, automatically maneuvering the vehicle into a parking spot. This is particularly useful in parallel parking situations.

Automated Braking Assistance: In some advanced IPAS systems, the vehicle can automatically apply the brakes if it detects an imminent collision with an obstacle.

360-Degree View: Some systems offer a bird's-eye view of the vehicle's surroundings, created by stitching together feeds from multiple cameras.

Object Recognition: The system may be equipped with object recognition capabilities, allowing it to identify pedestrians, other vehicles, or specific types of obstacles.

Cross-Traffic Alerts: Some IPAS systems provide warnings when vehicles or pedestrians are approaching from the sides, which can be particularly useful when backing out of a parking space.

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