Overcrowding refers to a situation where the number of individuals or objects occupying a particular space exceeds its intended or optimal capacity. It occurs when there are more people in a given area than what it can comfortably contain.
Overcrowding can happen in various settings, such as urban areas, transportation systems, housing, institutions, and public spaces. It either occur in temporary or recurring situations, resulting in heightened physical proximity, diminished privacy, and compromised hygiene conditions. Overcrowding poses a great threat to safety.
Crowd counting can help to monitor the size of a crowd and initialize counter measures.