Mean Time To Detect (MTTD) is a metric that measures the average time it takes to detect an incident or problem from the moment it occurs until it is identified or reported. MTTD is an important metric in incident management and security operations, as it helps organizations assess their ability to promptly identify and respond to incidents.
MTTD focuses specifically on the detection phase and does not include the time it takes to respond or resolve the incident. It is a key performance indicator (KPI) used to evaluate the effectiveness of monitoring systems, detection mechanisms, and incident response processes.
The formula for calculating MTTD is:
MTTD = Total elapsed time from incident occurrence to detection / Number of incidents
To calculate the MTTD, one needs to determine the total time it takes to detect an incident and divide it by the total number of incidents within a given period. The resulting value represents the average time it takes to identify or discover an incident.
A lower MTTD indicates a faster detection process and better situational awareness, enabling organizations to respond more quickly to incidents. On the other hand, a higher MTTD suggests a longer time to identify problems, which may lead to increased impact or delayed response.
Monitoring systems, security controls, and incident response practices play a crucial role in reducing MTTD. By continuously improving detection capabilities and minimizing the time it takes to identify incidents, organizations can enhance their overall security posture and mitigate potential risks more effectively.